Chapter 5: Greenhouse Gas Abatement in Asia: Imperatives, Incentives and Equity
Colin Hunt 5.1 INTRODUCTION: EMISSIONS TRENDS IN DEVELOPING AND ASIAN COUNTRIES 5.1.1 Global Trends Human-induced global warming is mainly a result of heat being trapped in the atmosphere by greenhouse gases (GHGs) that have accumulated due to the burning of fossil fuels since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, together with the clearing of forests to make way for agriculture (see Figure 5.1). The concentration of the main greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide (CO2), which is very long-lived in the atmosphere, is 35 per cent higher than it was in 1850. The top ten emitting countries (with the inclusion of the European 30 000 25 000 20 000 Mt CO2 15 000 10 000 5000 0 1850 1930 1950 1970 1990 1870 1890 1910 2005 Source: WRI (2010a). Figure 5.1 CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion, annual, 1850–2005 99 M2549 - HOSSAIN PRINT.indd 99 24/02/2011 13:03 100 8000 7000 6000 Mt CO2e 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Climate change and growth in Asia Russian Federation Brazil EU(27) China Indonesia India US Note: LUC emissions are indicative only in many developing countries (see Appendix 5.1) but are included because they make up a large proportion of some of those countries’ emissions, and because LUC is responsible for 12 per cent of total global emissions. Source: WRI (2010a). Figure 5.2 Top ten emitters of CO2e, with land-use change, 2005 Union (EU)) were responsible for 70 per cent of global emissions of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) in 2005 (see Figure...
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