Chapter 11: Media Framing of Public Discourse on Climate Change and Sea-level Rise: Social Amplification of Global Warming versus Climate Justice for Global Warming Impacts
Harun Rashid 11.1 INTRODUCTION The recent explosion of public discourse on climate change and sealevel rise and its coverage in the news media may be attributed to the rebirth of environmentalism, which has acted as a catalyst for a host of overlapping environmental agendas, such as the carbon cycle, carbon footprints, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, global warming, melting of polar icecaps and sea-level rise (Hart and Victor 1993). Because of the failure of the international community to reach meaningful agreements to curb emissions of GHGs, the calls for alternative measures to mitigate global warming impacts have gained prominence in public discourse. The concept of climate justice, perhaps derived from a more specific context of environmental justice or social justice (Hannigan 1995; Kasperson and Kasperson 2005), is a socially constructed frame which lays out a set of claims concerning the physical and socioeconomic impacts of global warming and sea-level rise. More specifically, it demands that those who contributed most to the adverse consequences of global warming and climate change should take the responsibility of mitigating these adverse impacts (Adams and Luchsinger 2009). By the same token, countries that have contributed the least amounts of pollution-causing GHG emission, but are more vulnerable to their impacts, should receive the aid they need to counter the effects of climate change (Jimenez-David 2009). The 2007 Nobel Peace Prize for Al Gore and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for their leadership on critical global warming issues has provided legitimacy for climate justice issues in...
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