New Roles for Key Players
Edited by Willem Molle and Julia Djarova
Chapter 8: National Governance Systems for Innovation: High-Level Coordination Leads to Increased Effectiveness
Julia Djarova and Walter Zegveld INTRODUCTION The issue of national innovation policy has clearly attracted the attention of policy makers of all EU member states in view of the realisation of the Lisbon Agenda (see Chapter 7). The discussion on governance of innovation has intensified in recent years due to the increased complexity of the innovation policy. This complexity stems primarily from the multiplayer structure of the national innovation system (NIS). Increasingly the national innovation policy is concerned with addressing not only the elements of the NIS but also the relationships between them. This chapter describes our understanding of a governance system for innovation that is placed against other views expressed in the literature. This understanding follows very much the policy cycle and claims that an effective governance system is not only the organisational form that national or sub-national levels adopt to manage innovation. It is very much the way the innovation policy mix is built, implemented and evaluated, elements that need equal attention by policy makers. The structure of this chapter is as follows. We discuss the interdependence between governance of innovation and innovation policy mix after providing a short review of the basic concepts from the existing literature. Subsequently, the driving forces towards coordination of innovation policy are presented and different forms of coordination mechanisms outlined. Special attention is given to understanding the need for a national high-level coordination body as well as the hindrances countries face in implementing such an organisation in practice. Finally the chapter offers...
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