Social Protection in Africa

Social Protection in Africa

Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux and Phillip White

The purpose of this book is to make accessible to a broad audience the ideas, principles and practicalities of establishing effective social protection in Africa. It focuses on the major shift in strategy for tackling hunger and vulnerability, from emergency responses mainly in the form of food transfers to predictable cash transfers to the chronically poorest social groups. The diverse case studies in this book provide a unique and timely exploration of the effective, and less effective, ways that social transfers are delivered to the chronically poor and vulnerable in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Chapter 17: Case Study 7. Food Assistance Programme, Mozambique

Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux and Phillip White

Subjects: development studies, development studies, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, economics of social policy, social policy in emerging countries


OVERVIEW The Food Assistance Programme (FAP) is a World Food Programme (WFP) sponsored social transfer scheme, designed to provide nutritional support for families living with AIDS. The scheme aims to improve the health and nutritional status of patients in ART, in home-based care and registered in the programme for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. The scheme recognizes the fundamental role of diet in strengthening the immune system of AIDS patients. This is so especially for those beginning ART, for whom proper nutrition plays a critical role in determining the success of the drug regime in returning patients to fitness levels that enable them to re-engage in productive activities. For the individual patient or household beneficiary, the scheme allows transfers up to a strict maximum duration of six months (Taimo & Waterhouse, 2007b). FAP is organized by WFP in conjunction with the Ministry of Health (MINSAU) in Mozambique and local level partners that may be NGOs, government agencies or religious organizations. The scheme began in 2006, and in that year provided food transfers to 26 689 beneficiaries, utilizing 40 different partner organizations in 46 districts. Of this total number of beneficiaries, 18 684 were in home-based care, 4980 were others beginning ART, and 3025 were women registered in the vertical transmission (PMTCT) programme (see Table C7.1). The designated food basket per month comprised 36 kilograms cereal, 18 kilograms of a CSB supplement, 6 kilograms of beans or peas, and vegetable oil. This food basket is intended...

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