Social Protection in Africa

Social Protection in Africa

Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux and Phillip White

The purpose of this book is to make accessible to a broad audience the ideas, principles and practicalities of establishing effective social protection in Africa. It focuses on the major shift in strategy for tackling hunger and vulnerability, from emergency responses mainly in the form of food transfers to predictable cash transfers to the chronically poorest social groups. The diverse case studies in this book provide a unique and timely exploration of the effective, and less effective, ways that social transfers are delivered to the chronically poor and vulnerable in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Chapter 19: Case Study 9. Neighbourhood Care Points for orphans and vulnerable children, Swaziland

Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux and Phillip White

Subjects: development studies, development studies, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, economics of social policy, social policy in emerging countries


OVERVIEW In 2006, Swaziland joined several other African countries in developing National Plans of Action (NPAs) for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). Included as a central plank in Swaziland’s 2006–10 NPA was an approach to the social inclusion of OVC, Neighbourhood Care Points, which had previously been developed as a scheme with intended national coverage (Swaziland, 2006). A Neighbourhood Care Point (NCP) in simple terms refers to a place or point in a community where neighbours come together to provide care for OVC from the neighbourhood. This can be a house, a church, a community shed, a school or any type of shelter available. Some NCPs begin under a tree, until a roofed structure can be secured. The ‘ideal NCP’ is a place providing emotional support and care, along with a regular balanced meal, in order to secure improved nutrition, health, hygiene and sanitation for OVC. The wish list for such an NCP includes (Dlamini, 2007): ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● basic day-time shelter from rain, wind and cold; warm clothing against winter cold; basic interaction, and developmental simulation activities for young children; availability of first aid treatments and basic health care; teaching and story-telling activities to provide life skills and build resilience; play, drama, singing and sports opportunities; consciousness raising and protection from abuse and HIV infection; gardening and keeping of small livestock; non-formal and after-school education activities; and psychosocial support and counselling for children with special needs. In Swaziland, NCPs were first established in early 2001 in four communities in Hhohho region...

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