Social Protection in Africa

Social Protection in Africa

Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux and Phillip White

The purpose of this book is to make accessible to a broad audience the ideas, principles and practicalities of establishing effective social protection in Africa. It focuses on the major shift in strategy for tackling hunger and vulnerability, from emergency responses mainly in the form of food transfers to predictable cash transfers to the chronically poorest social groups. The diverse case studies in this book provide a unique and timely exploration of the effective, and less effective, ways that social transfers are delivered to the chronically poor and vulnerable in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Chapter 20: Case Study 10. Education Material Fairs, Mozambique

Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux and Phillip White

Subjects: development studies, development studies, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, economics of social policy, social policy in emerging countries

Extract

OVERVIEW Education Material Fairs (EMFs) are a social transfer delivery mechanism designed to motivate school attendance by orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in families that are unable to meet even the most basic necessities for school attendance owing to financial constraints. EMFs provide a cash transfer in the form of a voucher that can be used to purchase shoes, clothes and educational materials at a fair to which vendors have been invited at a specific date and place. EMFs are thus modelled on Input Trade Fairs (ITFs), which provide farm inputs to vulnerable families in the same way. EMFs seek (a) to provide choice for children, who are able to exercise their own preferences over what is purchased (the vouchers are physically given to named children, and parents or carers are discouraged from prescribing the choices that the children in their care make), (b) to stimulate the local economy by bringing together buyers and sellers at the fair, and (c) to pilot a potentially cost-effective model that could be scaled up for improving enrolment and retention rates in schools of children from the poorest and most vulnerable families. EMFs in Mozambique have been implemented by Save the Children UK (SC-UK) in the period 2005–06, funded by the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). A pilot fair was held in 2005, in which 934 school age OVC were given vouchers with a cash value of Mtn130 (US$6.5). In 2006, five separate fairs were held in which a total...

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