Chapter 22: Case Study 12. Food Security Pack, Zambia
OVERVIEW The Food Security Pack (FSP) was initiated in the 2000/01 agricultural season as a Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) funded programme covering all the country’s 72 agricultural districts. A national food security NGO established in 1992, the Programme Against Malnutrition (PAM) is the lead implementing agency for FSP. PAM distributes farm input packs to districts and beneﬁciaries utilizing a network of district-based NGOs. FSP targets ‘vulnerable but viable’ farm households, deﬁned according to a set of multiple criteria. FSP initially set out with ten objectives and four modalities for achieving those objectives. However, only the key ones of these have ever been met, and these may be summarized as (i) to provide a basic level of farm inputs to households that have lost the ability to source such inputs themselves, (ii) to encourage crop diversiﬁcation in farmers’ ﬁelds, and (iii) to promote conservation farming practices in Zambian smallholder farming (Tembo, 2007). Originally planned to last three years, FSP is still running after seven years, albeit at a greatly reduced scale. The original concept was to attain a beneﬁciary level of 200 000 households each year, most of these ‘graduating’ out of the scheme after two years. However, having reached 145 000 by 2003/04, actual beneﬁciary numbers fell precipitously, averaging only 26 000 from 2004/05 to 2006/07. With beneﬁciaries receiving packs for one to three successive years, the net number of unique beneﬁciaries reached by the programme over its seven-year duration...
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