Social Protection in Africa

Social Protection in Africa

Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux and Phillip White

The purpose of this book is to make accessible to a broad audience the ideas, principles and practicalities of establishing effective social protection in Africa. It focuses on the major shift in strategy for tackling hunger and vulnerability, from emergency responses mainly in the form of food transfers to predictable cash transfers to the chronically poorest social groups. The diverse case studies in this book provide a unique and timely exploration of the effective, and less effective, ways that social transfers are delivered to the chronically poor and vulnerable in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Chapter 25: Case Study 15. Small Livestock Transfers, Zimbabwe

Frank Ellis, Stephen Devereux and Phillip White

Subjects: development studies, development studies, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, economics of social policy, social policy in emerging countries


OVERVIEW The Catholic Relief Services (CRS) Small Livestock Transfers project in Zimbabwe transfers livestock such as goats and chickens to vulnerable families in selected rural districts. The project is managed by CRS Zimbabwe through a partnership with the Organisation of Rural Associations for Progress (ORAP), a local NGO founded in 1981 that has built up a substantial track record of problem solving in local communities using participatory and inclusive approaches. ORAP in turn works through community-based organizations at the local level. The project comes under the umbrella of DFID Zimbabwe’s Protracted Relief Programme (PRP). The purpose of PRP is to stabilize food security and protect the livelihoods of vulnerable households in Zimbabwe, particularly those affected by HIV/AIDS. PRP is implemented by 12 NGOs (of which CRS is one) and their local partners. The first phase of PRP ran from 2004 to 2007, with an extension to 2008. A new phase was in the pipeline for 2008 onwards. In its first phase, the PRP reached about 1.5 million beneficiaries per year within an overall budget of £36 million sterling (US$72 million). It is a mainly rural-based relief and livelihoods improvement effort intended to support agricultural production through advice and inputs, as well as to provide clean water and to support destitute people and those living with HIV/AIDS. The Small Livestock Transfers project is just one among a range of agricultural support projects funded by the PRP, including several farm input delivery schemes. The part of the CRS...

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