Chapter 6: Schumpeter’s Full Model of Entrepreneurship: Economic, Non-Economic and Social Entrepreneurship
Richard Swedberg INTRODUCTION 6.1 The reality of social entrepreneurship is by now well established thanks to a wealth of books, articles and other testimonies. To understand what exactly constitutes social entrepreneurship, and how to explain it, however, represents still something of a challenge (for example, Martin and Osberg, 2007). Since social entrepreneurship is also increasingly being taught as a skill, a better understanding of this phenomenon is needed. In an earlier paper I suggested that one can use Joseph Schumpeter’s ideas to get a better theoretical handle on social entrepreneurship (Swedberg, 2006). I emphasised that the work of the young Schumpeter is especially useful in this context. The ﬁrst and little known edition of The Theory of Economic Development from 1911 contains, for example, a much more dynamic version of Schumpeter’s theory of entrepreneurship than his later work (Schumpeter, 1911). It is also only in his early work that Schumpeter says that one can apply his theory of entrepreneurship to non-economic activities. Social entrepreneurship, I suggested, can be seen as belonging to the category of non-economic entrepreneurship; and making this suggestion opens up the prospect of applying Schumpeter’s theory of entrepreneurship to the phenomenon of social entrepreneurship. This is where my article ‘Social entrepreneurship: the view of the young Schumpeter’ ended. This chapter picks up where the earlier paper left oﬀ, and contains an eﬀort to work out in detail the idea that we may use Schumpeter’s theory of entrepreneurship for a better understanding of social entrepreneurship. I have...
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