Edited by Edoardo Ongaro, Andrew Massey, Marc Holzer and Ellen Wayenberg
Chapter 7: Introduction. Policy Implementation Across Levels of Government: Models and Perspectives of Analysis
Marc Holzer and Ellen Wayenberg This part of the book addresses cooperation between levels of government as an increasing trend. The implementation phase of policies provides poignant examples of the repercussions of successes and failures of such cooperation. The arrest of the presumed perpetrators of the London bombings in 2005, and the rescue efforts in New Orleans the same year, illustrates the importance of cooperation between different levels of government. As social scientists, we ought to look carefully at this part of the policy process if only because of its importance in the daily agendas of front line public servants. The aim of this section is to explore the impacts of multi-level governmental arrangements on policy implementation. We are specifically interested in comparative studies that could enlighten academics and practitioners on both sides of the Atlantic. In terms of constitutional structures, what are the impacts of the American national constitutional arrangements and the European Union (EU) multinational arrangements on macro and micro policies in the different phases of policy implementation? Are the EU’s monetary policies felt differently in a region that is governed by a federation compared to one that is under a unitary government? Do EU monetary policies differentially influence the implementation of social policies in an Austrian state compared to a French ‘commune’? Taking into account regional variations, what is the impact of regionalism and their political bases on the negotiating and communicating phases of policy implementation when different levels of government are involved? To what extent do...
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