Towards Integration or Fragmentation?
Edited by Henri Delanghe, Ugur Muldur and Luc Soete
Henri Delanghe, Ugur Muldur and Luc Soete This is a book about the most important concept underpinning current European Union (EU) research policy. It focuses on the notion of the European Research Area (ERA), whose achievement will become the main objective of EU research policy once the Lisbon Treaty enters into force. Simply put, the ERA involves a European ‘internal market’ for research, where researchers, technology and knowledge circulate freely, effective European-level coordination of national and regional research activities, programmes and policies takes place and new initiatives are implemented and funded at European level. This book describes the history of the concept, analyses some of its underlying assumptions, assesses some of its achievements and takes a brief look at its future. The ERA concept was launched formally in 2000 through the Commission Communication Towards a European Research Area and was provided with a new impetus in 2007 through the Commission Green Paper The European Research Area: New Perspectives. Yet the historical origins of the concept date from much earlier, in fact from at least 1974. This book explains how the ERA concept relates to two competing and alternating approaches to Community research policy and fits into the broader European post-war research landscape, consisting, in addition to Community research policy, of national research policies and intergovernmental research initiatives. In both the 2000 ERA Communication and the 2007 ERA Green Paper, the ERA was discussed mainly in terms of the features it should have. The 2007 ERA Green Paper, for instance, mentioned...