Towards Integration or Fragmentation?
Edited by Henri Delanghe, Ugur Muldur and Luc Soete
Chapter 10: Transnational Collaboration in Public Research Funding and Publicly Supported Research in Europe
Henri Delanghe, Brian Sloan and Ugur Muldur One of the approaches taken towards the achievement of the European Research Area (ERA) is the promotion of pan-European transnational coordination, collaboration and integration in terms of both research and development (R&D) funding and execution. Implicit in this approach is the understanding of ERA as a single innovation system. The innovation systems literature emphasizes system-wide science and technology (S&T) connectivity and collaboration within the scope of a single economy. It describes an innovation system as the set of separate but interconnected public and private institutions and organizations and human resources, which either individually or jointly and interactively create knowledge by financing and performing R&D, translate knowledge into innovations and affect the diffusion of those innovations. What matters is the number and quality of systemic links. The innovation system also provides the framework within which government takes action in support of S&T (Capron and Cincera, 1999; OECD, 2002). The understanding of ERA as a single innovation system and the perceived need for increased system-wide S&T connectivity and collaboration raises questions about the current extent of, rationale for and impact of pan-European S&T collaboration. This chapter looks at two kinds of such collaboration. The first relates to transnational collaboration in the public funding of research. Such collaboration is high on the European research policy agenda now as the 2007 ERA Green Paper stated that one of the features of ERA should be ‘well-coordinated research programmes and priorities, including a...
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