Table of Contents

Water Policy Entrepreneurs

Water Policy Entrepreneurs

A Research Companion to Water Transitions around the Globe

Elgar original reference

Edited by Dave Huitema and Sander Meijerink

This major volume focuses on the role of policy entrepreneurs in revolutionizing water management worldwide. Adopting an international comparative perspective, the authors explore the changes taking place in water policy across fifteen countries, at both the global level and within the European Union. Their analysis highlights the importance of groups and individuals in stimulating progress and reveals the crucial part played by policy entrepreneurs.

Chapter 7: Where Does Policy Change Come From? And Where Does it End Up? Establishing Water User Associations in Large-Scale Canal Irrigation Systems in India

Vishal Narain

Subjects: environment, environmental politics and policy, management natural resources, water, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy


Vishal Narain 7.1 Introduction In most developing countries the state has made huge investments in large-scale canal irrigation. It has also played a predominant role in managing and operating these systems. However canal irrigation has been plagued by several problems. In India, for instance, the most widely known difficulties have arisen over inequity in water distribution between head and tail reaches, water logging, low recovery from irrigation fees, mismanagement of irrigation infrastructure and a widening gap between irrigation potential created and functions utilized. Different approaches to addressing these issues have been advocated and experimented with, emphasizing both technological and institutional interventions. The latter have included rights reform and market creation, pricing and decentralization. A need for a greater role for farmers in the management of irrigation systems has also been perceived and advocated as a solution to the above mentioned problems. This trend is referred to variously as irrigation management transfer (IMT), irrigation management turnover or participatory irrigation management (PIM) (Turral, 1995; Brewer et al., 1999; EDI, 1998). IMT is defined as the transfer of responsibility and authority for irrigation system management from government agencies to water user associations or other private entities (IndianPIM, 2001). IMT may include transfer of decision-making authority (or governance); it may also include transfer of ownership of scheme infrastructure (typically called privatization). PIM refers to programmes that seek to increase farmers’ direct involvement in system management – either as a complement or as a substitute for the state role (EDI, 1998). Activities classified as PIM or...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information