Concepts, Research, Policy
Elgar original reference
Edited by Sylvia Chant
Chapter 45: Internal Mobility, Migration and Changing Gender Relations: Case Study Perspectives from Mali, Nigeria, Tanzania and Vietnam
Cecilia Tacoli Migration plays a key role in reflecting and shaping processes of social, economic, cultural and political change. It is thus not surprising that patterns of mobility have become increasingly complex and dynamic to encompass a wide range of forms and types of movement, a growing number of destinations, and migrant flows with diverse sex, age and ethnic compositions. Much research on migration focuses on international movement, and it is mainly in this arena that the conceptualisation of the ‘feminisation of migration’ has emerged, producing important insights on the deeply gendered nature of both migration and globalisation (see Sassen, Chapter 2, this volume). Less attention has been given to internal mobility, despite the fact that this type of movement closely reflects demographic, socioeconomic and cultural transformations in low- and middle-income nations. The latter include changes in population distribution, accompanied in many cases by rapid rates of urbanisation, and changes in the economic base, with industry and services accounting for a growing proportion of national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and of the labour force. Gender relations are key elements that both shape and are shaped by these transformative processes. Following a brief overview of the diversity of internal population movement, this chapter draws on research conducted in the past decade in Mali, Nigeria, Tanzania and Vietnam to explore the different ways in which mobility and migration intersect with the changing relations between rural and urban areas, people and activities, and in the process transform livelihoods and power inequalities at both...
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