Concepts, Research, Policy
Elgar original reference
Edited by Sylvia Chant
Chapter 65: Gender, Poverty and Inequality: The Role of Markets, States and Households
Shahra Razavi and Silke Staab The convergence in women’s and men’s labour force participation which has taken place across different regions has to be seen alongside the persistence of gender segmentations in labour markets that feed into inequalities in earnings, rights at work and rights to social security. This constitutes an important pillar of unequal gender relations. Gender inequalities overlap with persistent inequalities between a more formalised and regulated workforce, and an expanding pool of workers who are unorganised and denied many of the rights associated with formal employment. These two structural patterns seem to cut across a number of otherwise diverse countries. Does this signify the ‘policy convergence’ that some observers claim is taking place in the context of liberalisation? And do women’s labour market disadvantages signify a ‘feminisation of poverty’ as it has been widely claimed? The answer to both questions must be a qualified no. Social policies, household structures and income pooling within households interface with labour market inequalities and shape women’s and men’s poverty risk in different ways (UNRISD, 2010). Gendering income poverty: the role of markets, states and households Three social institutions mediate men’s and women’s access to income and the risk of being poor: labour markets, states and households. Our approach considers individuals poor if they live in households with poverty level income, with per capita income counted at the household level (based on a simple division of aggregate household income) – an approach that inevitably produces relatively small gender gaps among adults who are...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.