Concepts, Research, Policy
Elgar original reference
Edited by Sylvia Chant
Chapter 100: Gender, Neoliberalism and Post-neoliberalism: Re-assessing the Institutionalisation of Women’s Struggles for Survival in Ecuador and Venezuela
Amy Lind Based on fieldwork in Ecuador and Venezuela, this chapter addresses the effects of neoliberal and ‘post-neoliberal’ development models on poor sectors, drawing out the implications for women’s household, community, and market labour.1 It starts out by addressing the general conclusions put forward by feminist scholars about the effects of global neoliberal restructuring on sectors of poor women in Latin America and the Global South. It then addresses the shift to the ‘new Left’ in Latin America; a shift characterised largely as a political and economic response to the failure of neoliberal development models in alleviating poverty in the region. Given the centrality of economic redistribution in socialist-oriented, post-neoliberal forms of governance, I discuss the potential of the Ecuadorian and Venezuelan models for alleviating poverty, redistributing wealth, and addressing longstanding structural (gendered) inequalities in the two countries, drawing out the broader implications for scholarship on neoliberalism and post-neoliberalism. I argue that in both neoliberal and post-neoliberal contexts, a critique of heteronormativity is needed in order to truly transform long-standing gender inequalities.2 Gender, neoliberalism and post-neoliberalism Although since the 2000s we have witnessed a shift to ‘post-neoliberal’ development and governance in Latin America, there is no clear or abrupt rupture with the neoliberal policies that were central to national governments’ development agendas during the 1980s and 1990s. Depending upon the country, the term ‘post-neoliberal’ arguably connotes more of a political shift than an economic one, although there is evidence to suggest that the new, socialist-inspired emphasis on redistribution, particularly in...
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