Vulnerable Places, Vulnerable People

Vulnerable Places, Vulnerable People

Trade Liberalization, Rural Poverty and the Environment

Edited by Jonathan A. Cook, Owen Cylke, Donald F. Larson, John D. Nash and Pamela Stedman-Edwards

While some argue that trade liberalization has raised incomes and led to environmental protection in developing countries, others claim that it generates neither poverty reduction nor sustainability. The detailed case studies in this book demonstrate that neither interpretation is universally correct, given how much depends on specific policies and institutions that determine ‘on-the-ground’ outcomes. Drawing on research from six countries around the developing world, the book also presents the unique perspectives of researchers at both the world’s largest development organization (The World Bank) and the world’s largest conservation organization (World Wildlife Fund) on the debate over trade liberalization and its effects on poverty and the environment.

Chapter 4: Shrimp Exports, Environment and Human Well-being in the Sunderbans, West Bengal

Kanchan Chopra, Pushpam Kumar and Preeti Kapuria

Subjects: development studies, development economics, economics and finance, development economics, environmental economics, environment, environmental economics, environmental geography


4. Shrimp exports, environment and human well-being in the Sundarbans, West Bengal Kanchan Chopra, with Pushpam Kumar and Preeti Kapuria In the early 1990s, India embarked on a program of economic liberalization that has given a much greater role to the market and has fostered an increase in exports. Given India’s vast size and diversity, this policy change has had varied impacts across the country. In the Sundarbans, the delta region of West Bengal known for both its remarkable biodiversity and high levels of poverty, liberalization sparked expansion of the shrimp export industry. The last 15 years have witnessed the rapid growth of aquaculture farms and the development of a large processing and export industry in the region, which have generated employment and improved incomes for many. The use of land and water in the region, however, has been greatly affected by this development, with consequences for biodiversity, mangrove forests and long-term sustainability. This study looks at the effect of increased shrimp production on the people and the natural environment of the Sundarbans in order to better understand the links among trade, poverty and the environment. Two specific questions are addressed: ● ● What has been the impact of trade liberalization and consequent production of shrimp for export on the ecosystems of the Sundarbans in the last 15 years? What has been the impact of the shrimp industry on the well-being of different groups in the region? To answer these questions, the authors made use of econometric analysis, remote sensing data, biodiversity...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information