Chapter 18: How Effective are the R & D-Promoting Activities of the Swiss Innovation Agency CTI? An Evaluation Based on Matched-pairs Analysis
18. How effective are the R&D-promoting activities of the Swiss innovation agency CTI? An evaluation based on matched-pairs analysis Spyros Arvanitis and Nora Sydow INTRODUCTION 18.1 In this chapter we investigate the impact of the innovation promotion policy of the Commission of Technology and Innovation (CTI), which is the most important government agency for the promotion of innovation in Switzerland. The CTI is supporting mainly research and development (R&D) cooperation projects from all scientific fields by funding the public partner of such a cooperation, a university or a public research institution, the private partner being an enterprise that agrees to contribute to this project on its own expenses by at least the amount of funds offered by the CTI (a private contribution of at least 50 per cent, a ‘bottom-up’ principle of support). The projects to be subsidized are selected by committees of experts that evaluate the applications by some ‘excellency’ criteria. Recently, programmes for the promotion of specific technologies (for example MedTech, TopNano21) have also been launched, but this kind of specific support has always been of minor importance. The principle of indirect R&D support of technologically high-quality projects, that are jointly undertaken by a private and a public partner, is fundamental for the Swiss technology policy. Its use as main instrument of promotion policy is, to our knowledge, unique in Europe. Our main hypothesis was that enterprises that have been supported by the CTI would show on average a significantly higher innovation performance, measured by...
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