Scenarios and Policy Implications
The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by Anil Markandya, Andrea Bigano and Roberto Porchia
Chapter 5: Methodology and Results in Non-EU Countries
Xianli Zhu, Lars Rosendahl Appelquist and Kirsten Halsnæs 5.1 SOCIAL COSTS ASSESSMENT IN NON-EU COUNTRIES Background This chapter is aimed at understanding the social costs of various fuel cycles for electricity generation in four non-EU countries. It has two main objectives, namely: (1) to develop a methodological framework that can be used to calculate the external costs of energy fuel cycles in Brazil, China, India and Turkey; and (2) to undertake studies of at least two national fuel cycles in each of these countries. The results should generate new insights into the external costs of fuel cycles in the EU compared with cost levels in non-EU countries. For application in non-EU countries, we developed a simplified methodological framework that can be used to transform scenario- and modelbased cost data into the database system which has been developed in the ExterneE project. This framework allows cost data generated by the participating non-EU countries to be compared with the cost of fuel cycles in the EU. This chapter is based on the seven research reports written on this subject within the CASES project, including: • a methodology report; • four national reports on external costs of fuel cycles in the participating non-EU countries (Jiang et al., 2007; Rovere et al., 2007; Shukla and Mahapatra, 2007; TUBITAK, 2007); and • a report on the comparative assessment of fuel cycle costs and methodological challenges across the participating countries. The national case studies are mainly based on results of existing research in the four participating countries. In...
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