Climate Change and Human Security

Climate Change and Human Security

The Challenge to Local Governance under Rapid Coastal Urbanization

Michael R. Redclift, David Manuel-Navarette and Mark Pelling

The challenge presented by climate change is, by its nature, global. The populations of the Mexican Caribbean, the focus of this book, are faced by everyday decisions not unlike those in the urban North. The difference is that for the people of the Mexican Caribbean evidence of the effects of climate change, including hurricanes, is very familiar to them. This important study documents the choices and risks of people who are powerless to change the economic development model which is itself forcing climate change.

Chapter 4: The Development of Mass Tourism in Mexico

Michael R. Redclift, David Manuel-Navarette and Mark Pelling

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental geography, environmental governance and regulation, environmental politics and policy, environmental sociology, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy, european politics and policy, urban and regional studies, urban studies

Extract

INTRODUCTION The previous chapter examined the way in which nature and space form part of a historical narrative in the Mexican Caribbean. It showed how the ideas of ‘discovery’ and ‘modernity’ formed key elements in the discourses supporting the process of economic development, and were employed as antidotes to ‘backwardness’ and ‘neglect’. The creation of a new tourist economy was driven by claims and discourses that equated tourism and entrepreneurship with progress and urban development. In this chapter we take the story forwards, concentrating on the role international tourism has played in Mexico’s development in the second half of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-first. To fully appreciate the importance of tourism for the environment and social structure of the Mexican Caribbean, it is particularly important to analyse Mexico’s relations with the USA and the way in which globalization has contributed to the creation of mass tourism during the last 30 years. THE ORIGINS OF MODERN POPULAR TOURISM The word ‘tourism’ was not coined until about 1811. It expressed an essentially modern idea – that people should voluntarily make a journey, usually a circular trip, with the object of seeing new sights and experiences. Travel, as distinct from tourism, had always been with us, but as the derivation of the word suggests (‘travail’), travel implied a functional journey or, as in the case of the eighteenth century ‘Grand Tour’, a journey carried out on one’s own, or in a very small socially exclusive group to familiar sites. Travel...

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