A Comparative Analysis of Environmental Policy Integration
The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by Alessandra Goria, Alessandra Sgobbi and Ingmar von Homeyer
Carlo Carraro Environmental protection is very often a public good, that is the benefits from a better environment can be captured by all the members of a given community (global, regional or local), and not only by those who contribute to protect nature or improve environmental quality. This makes it difficult to design effective environmental policies. Free-riding incentives and very asymmetric preferences for environmental protection dominate the decision process and weaken policy decisions. Governing the global environment is a notoriously complex diplomatic task, and the lack of appropriate supra-national institutions contributes to this complexity. But governing national or local environments is not any simpler, even in the presence of well-designed and effective governing institutions. The solution to the governance problem can be found in the integration of environmental policies with other global, regional or local policies. Environmental problems are likely to affect many dimensions of economic and social life, and can therefore be addressed by a number of integrated economic and social policies, rather than by specific environmental measures. This volume addresses the above policy issues in a very detailed and effective manner. It is part of the output of the EPIGOV project that brought together scholars from eighteen universities and research institutes across Europe in an effort to synthesise and examine research and policy analyses on environmental policy integration. The project convened researchers belonging to a broad range of disciplines, including political sciences, economics, law and land use planning, and working with various methodological approaches. Three conferences were held...