A Comparative Analysis of Environmental Policy Integration
The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by Alessandra Goria, Alessandra Sgobbi and Ingmar von Homeyer
Alessandra Goria, Ingmar von Homeyer and Alessandra Sgobbi The integration of environmental concerns into other policy areas is widely recognised as a key element to achieve sustainable development. It also represents a challenge for the environmental community, requiring not only a new approach to policy making but also changes in existing policies and their implementation. More importantly, however, the cross-cutting nature of environmental policy integration (EPI) does not easily fit in with traditional practices and conceptions of hierarchical governance based on (nation) state authority, sectoral differentiation, and command-and-control type instruments. It is therefore not surprising that measures to promote EPI frequently seem to rely on different modes of governance, such as voluntary, procedural, information, learning and market-based instruments. To complicate matters further, EPI often entails different approaches depending on the level of governance – and may thus call for specific processes and instruments. Indeed, efforts to achieve and improve EPI are currently being made at local/regional, national, European and global levels of governance, and are not limited to the public sphere, but often take place within the private sector. Furthermore, measures at different levels may affect each other, thereby improving or weakening EPI and sustainable development. Indeed, the inter-linkages between the different levels and modes of governance are emerging as a central challenge in the area of EPI and are increasingly analysed and discussed in the literature. This book examines existing research on environmental policy integration at three levels of policy-making: at the national level, both in relation to strategic and...