A Comparative Analysis of Environmental Policy Integration
The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by Alessandra Goria, Alessandra Sgobbi and Ingmar von Homeyer
Josu Mezo and Kenneth Hanf 10.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter is based on research, currently under way, examining the experiences of four Autonomous Communities in Spain with the institutionalization of the general policy commitment to sustainable development within their respective regional governments.1 The project is concerned with the measures that have been taken to build institutional capacities to ‘do’ sustainable development. It is assumed that, among other things, these governments will need to adapt existing or create new institutional arrangements in order to be able to produce and implement policy measures designed to manage the transition of their societies toward more sustainable paths of development. One of the things that these governments need to be able to do is produce integrated policies that are capable of bringing together – coordinating – actions in the economic, environmental and social policy spheres. Consequently, although this research has not focused specifically on capacities for environmental policy integration (EPI), it is clear that the integration of environmental considerations into other sectoral policy decisions and actions is a central part of effective governance for sustainable development. It could be argued that, to the extent that a government focuses its energies on EPI, it lacks the capacity to formulate and implemented integrated policies for sustainable development. This raises the interesting question of whether there is an important difference between EPI, which focuses on integrating the ‘environmental dimension’ into sectoral policy making, and SDI – integrated policy for sustainable development – which focuses on the need to integrate three different dimensions with...
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