Caching the Carbon

Caching the Carbon

The Politics and Policy of Carbon Capture and Storage

Edited by James Meadowcroft and Oluf Langhelle

Over the past decade carbon capture and storage (CCS) has increasingly come to the fore as a possible option to manage carbon dioxide emissions that are currently contributing to human induced climate change. This book is concerned with the politics of CCS. The authors examine the way CCS has been brought into the political realm, the different interpretations of the significance of this emerging technology, and the policy challenges government and international institutions face with respect to its development, deployment and regulation. The book includes case studies of engagement with CCS in a number of developed countries as well as more thematically focused analysis.

Chapter 10: CCS in Comparative Perspective

Oluf Langhelle and James Meadowcroft

Subjects: environment, environmental politics and policy, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy, european politics and policy

Extract

Oluf Langhelle and James Meadowcroft The studies in the preceding chapters have traced the manner in which CCS emerged into the political and policy arena in different national contexts and in the EU. That in each case CCS now occupies an increasingly significant place in debates and initiatives related to climate change is hardly a surprise. After all, as the discussion in Chapter 1 made clear, the units included in this study were chosen because of their apparent interest in CCS, because they were major fossil fuel exporters, producers and consumers which, as developed states under the terms of the UNFCCC, were supposed to take the lead internationally in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Indeed, all of these jurisdictions are cited as loci of ‘major CCS activity’ in the 2008 IEA CCS status report on CCS programmes around the world (IEA 2008a: 137). They are also all members of the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF), which was launched by President Bush in 2003. And three (Australia, Canada and the US) participate in the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (APP), a public/private partnership which was formally established in 2006 and which includes CCS in its key ‘Cleaner Fossil Energy’ task force. And yet there are also important differences between these jurisdictions – in the way CCS has been integrated into climate change policies and long-term energy strategies, in the importance accorded to CCS in relation to ‘energy security’, in the timing and character of engagement with CCS, and in the...

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