Elgar original reference
Edited by Philip Cooke, Bjørn Asheim, Ron Boschma, Ron Martin, Dafna Schwartz and Franz Tödtling
Philip Cooke, Franz Tödtling and Dafna Schwartz PRODUCTIVITY AND GROWTH Part II of the Handbook is devoted to debates about the relationships between regional innovation and growth, on the one hand, and aspects of industrial organization that they are influenced by, facilitate and form, on the other. Much of this part therefore contains interesting discussions about the meaning of regional innovation and growth for broader evolutionary processes that shape economic geography. It draws on issues foreshadowed in the general introduction to this book (Chapter 1), namely productivity and regional inequality, which will be only briefly summarized here. Then it moves into a group of chapters that investigate debates about the nature of spillovers, especially knowledge spillovers, in the economic geography of agglomeration, and questions whether and in what ways specialization of agglomerations is preferable to their diversification for fostering innovation or not. The conditions under which these debates resolve one way or the other constitute an important inflection point for the evolutionary economic geography project of the book. To recap, Chapter 8 by Roberta Capello and Chapter 9 by Daniel Felsenstein argue the following. First, there is a high degree of confluence in the views that the relationships between innovation and productivity devolve into three: these are represented, first, by new economic geography (or the functional approach to regional productivity) whereby regional innovation is highly interrelated to issues of market-size and pecuniary externality effects, agglomerating where the lead region is found (rather like Vernon’s initial product life-cycle take on...