Elgar original reference
Edited by Philip Cooke, Bjørn Asheim, Ron Boschma, Ron Martin, Dafna Schwartz and Franz Tödtling
Philip Cooke and Bjørn Asheim PROXIMITY AND INNOVATION Part IV is devoted to understanding the manner in which innovation is facilitated and enhanced by distinctive kinds of proximity in agglomerations. It begins with Chapter 20 on the relationships between proximity and innovation by Christophe Carrincazeaux and Marie Coris, representatives of the French originators of the ‘proximity debate’ in the early 1990s. This influential approach is consistent with the core theoretical elements underpinning the theoretical frame of this Handbook, namely an interest in the interactions between, for example, relatedness, knowledge spillovers and lateral absorptive capacity in agent recombination of knowledge for innovation, on the one hand, and the institutional structure that sustains such interactions systemically, on the other. This is expressly related with the new economic geography (NEG) perspective in its original formulation, being formed in the interplay between agglomeration and dispersion. However, the simplistic and traditional binary division between centripetal and centrifugal forces or ‘core’ and ‘periphery’ thinking is subsequently exposed to critique by the proximity model. For example, what is the extent of proximate technological externalities, that is, how local is local and what are the knowledge transfer mechanisms, and are they always positive in their effect on innovation? Research on this line promises to shed light on the recurrent problem of measurement of regional knowledge spillover leakage (and infusion) with respect to innovation. One way in which progress is made here is that the Proximity School privileges the coordination of agents over economic geography’s perennial neurosis about...