Elgar original reference
Edited by Philip Cooke, Bjørn Asheim, Ron Boschma, Ron Martin, Dafna Schwartz and Franz Tödtling
Philip Cooke and Ron Boschma REGIONAL GOVERNANCE AND LEARNING Part VII, the final Part of the Handbook of Regional Innovation and Growth, focuses on regional innovation policy. To a limited extent some such implications arose in Part VI on regional innovation institutions, especially intermediaries (Tödtling and Trippl’s Chapter 33 and Nauwelaers’s Chapter 34 in respect of ‘relatedness’ and ‘conventions’ that are marked features of the new regional innovation challenge). These pose interesting tasks for modes of governance of regional innovation and demands for new kinds of learning, both more proactive than the ‘institutional borrowing’ that characterized the supply-side era when markets became perceived as the solutions to developmental dilemmas. Main results of this in many countries have involved social polarization, financial market collapse, continued regional deindustrialization, if not industrial ‘desertification’, with only regional public sector employment excess to mitigate the resulting imbalances. Faced with the budgetary reckoning of this neoliberal experiment, regional governance, where it exists or survives, must perforce itself become innovative. Coordinated market economies have recognized this for some time, as exemplars from the chapters that follow make clear. The task is harder in liberal market economies, where injunctions that state intervention was the problem rather than the solution penetrated most deeply into the governance fabric. Martin Heidenreich and Knut Koschatzky’s Chapter 39 reviews the literature on regional governance of innovation, pointing to some fallacies and open questions about the manner of its conception and execution. Both authors inhabit Germany’s coordinated market regime and are accordingly comfortable...