Chapter 8: Cross-border Regionalization in the Regulatory States of the North
Certainly, there is agreement that the word region refers to space, but the notion of space itself can take various meanings; territorial space; political space and space of social relationships; economic space: functional space. (Michael Keating 1996: 17) 8.1 CROSS-BORDER ISSUES DO MATTER Closely linked to the development of renewed local and regional governance are the growing links between regions across national borders. Increasingly through the 1980s to the 2000s, one of the most interesting political developments in Europe has been the movement of ever more regional authorities taking a deeper interest in transnational relationships, instead of identifying their role solely within their respective countries, along with subsidiarity and regulated through partnership contracts (Cappellin and Batey 1993; Treuner and Foucher 1995; Veggeland 2000, 2001; Kramsch and Hooper 2004). In Northern Europe, there are well-known instances of transnational, regulatory co-operation, the Barents Euro-Arctic Region, the Baltic Sea Region and the North Sea Region, all of which have become familiar regionalization concepts. Environmental issues are central matters in those co-operative regions, which take ecological preservation as an arena for cross-border actions seriously. In fact, cross-border regionalization is about to become an essential part of the European process of integration in general, because of the promotion of the idea of a borderless Europe. More specifically, cross-border regional partnership regimes fit very well into the regulatory state order of the EU governance. These types of partnership regimes also match the EU’s endeavours to create economic and social capital for the sake of competitiveness and...
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