Chapter 1: Economic and Social Integration
I. INTRODUCTION In relating economic and social integration to the EU and its law, it is necessary to position legal studies in the context of theories of European integration and Europeanisation, which are mainly developed by social sciences other than legal studies, such as economics, political science and sociology. This chapter first develops this theoretical frame. Next, it will trace the notion of economic and social integration and propose an interconnected approach to these. Speaking about ‘economic and social integration’ is currently not common in European studies. This is in contrast with the original aims of the European Economic Community (EEC), which has now grown into the European Union (EU). Its Common Market (i.e. economic integration) was deemed to contribute to ‘an accelerated raising of the standard of living’ (Article 2 EEC), in particular among workers (Article 3(i) EEC). Accordingly, the founding Treaties pursued a dual aim of ‘economic and social integration’, which warrants the interrelated analysis of both concepts, as I have endeavoured to do here. II. TOWARDS A SOCIETAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE EU AND ITS LAW Economic and social integration are societal phenomena. An interdisciplinary perspective on the European project is warranted to comprehend how these phenomena are related to the EU and its (constitutional) law. Economics, political science and, more recently, sociology compete with legal studies in theorising the EU. In sketching a societal perspective on the European project and its law, the first part of the chapter develops an approach adequate for this book. 1....
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