Challenges and Solutions
Edited by Martin Kahanec and Klaus F. Zimmermann
Chapter 10: Minority Inclusion in Romania
Vasile Gheţău INTRODUCTION It is not an easy task to identify and describe the various aspects of the labor market situation of ethnic minorities in Romania. One obstacle is revealing the visible and in most cases hidden barriers and difficulties ethnic minorities face in the labor market. The available data are rather limited, but they clearly show or give at least some information regarding a number of economic particularities and discrepancies, which potentially can explain the discrimination and marginalization. The most visible results of such practices can be identified in one ethnic group – Roma. The relatively disadvantaged economic position of the two or three other ethnic minorities does not arise from external adverse factors but from internal barriers (cultural and even political). Romania has experienced deep political, economic and social change from the transition period to the present economic and social landscape. We believe that this background has increased the risk of discrimination and marginalization regarding the external barriers members of some ethnic minorities face in the labor market, as decisions on policies regarding human resources have been transferred from state authorities to private companies. STATISTICAL OVERVIEW Romanian population censuses traditionally cover ethnic group and mother tongue, and from 1989 they have also included religion. No prior definition of ethnic group is given, as the characteristics are well known: a distinct community of people related by origin, language, and a similar culture and way of life. Determining ethnic group and religion is based on self-declaration and is optional. A...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.