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Edited by Roger King, Simon Marginson and Rajani Naidoo
Chapter 14: Globalization, Internationalization and the World-class University Movement: The China Experience
Mei Li and Qiongqiong Chen INTRODUCTION It is now widely noted that globalization is reshaping higher education worldwide. Over the past three decades the higher education system in China has undergone significant developments in response to both international and internal changes in economic and social contexts. Higher educational policies have been deeply affected by these developments, and this can be observed in various ways: the decentralization of national administrative structures; expansion of university autonomy; diversification of the financial resources for higher education institutions; government-promoted merging of existing institutions; the encouragement of private institutions; and the establishing of stronger ties by universities with the international academic community (Yang, 2002; Yoder, 2006; Huang, 2007; Vidovich et al., 2007; Mok and Chan, 2008; Ngok and Guo, 2008; Deem et al., 2008). These trends reflect international contexts and a rising tide of such notions as ‘competition’, ‘efficiency’ and ‘accountability’ that are vigorously diffused by the processes of globalization (Zha, 2011). As economic growth and global competitiveness are increasingly driven by knowledge and technology, research universities particularly play a key role in accelerating and strengthening their own and their nation’s global standing. Therefore their internationalization deserves close examination. This chapter examines how and with what major strategies government and universities in Mainland China have changed in response to globalization. More specifically the focus is on the building of world-class universities and related policies. The chapter explores how, and in what ways, research universities in China have attempted to benchmark with the best universities worldwide. The...
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