Imaginative Approaches to Combating Climate Change Locally
Edited by Michael Peters, Shane Fudge and Tim Jackson
Chapter 2: Sustainable Communities: Neo-Tribalism between Modern Lifestyles and Social Change
David Evans INTRODUCTION Community, as the eminent sociologist Zygmunt Bauman reminds us, is a word with a certain ‘feel’ (Bauman, 2003). By conjuring up a sense of warmth, belonging and comfort, community almost always feels like a good thing. This feeling rings true when it comes to thinking about and addressing the challenges of sustainable development. One need only think about the emergence and implementation of Local Agenda 21 strategies or the enduring idea of ‘thinking globally, acting locally’ to see this. Indeed, locality is the seemingly appropriate scale of implementation insofar as it implies a movement beyond atomization and individualism without recourse to the unmanageable complexities that would accompany global solutions to global problems. Of course, community is not the same thing as locality but it occupies a similar context and in doing so carries connotations of empowerment, participation and ownership which in turn lend support to the idea that it is ‘community’ that feels right when it comes to the implementation of sustainable development policies and initiatives. Moving away from the broad agendas of sustainable development, this chapter considers the significance of community in relation to the contemporary calls for persons in relatively affluent societies to adopt ways of living that are somehow more sustainable. Of course, if individuals are expected to move towards more ‘sustainable lifestyles’ one would be forgiven for thinking that community has been swept aside and that the possibility of social change rests on very privatized responses to environmental problems. By contrast, this chapter...
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