Studies in EU Reform and Enlargement series
Edited by Dieter Fuchs and Hans-Dieter Klingemann
Chapter 10: Cultural Diversity, European Identity and Legitimacy of the EU: Summary and Discussion
10. Cultural diversity, European identity and the legitimacy of the EU: Summary and discussion Dieter Fuchs, Hans-Dieter Klingemann and Andrea Schlenker-Fischer Contributions to this volume deal with three sets of themes: first, the legitimacy of the European Union; second, the identity of the European Union; and third, the relation between legitimacy and identity in the European Union (EU). We discuss these themes in the general context of cultural diversity among member states. While the degree of cultural diversity has increased as a consequence of various rounds of EU enlargement, this increase is perceived more and more as a problem by many EU citizens. Part I of the book presents a review of the discussion of cultural diversity, European identity and legitimacy of the EU. Informed by this review of research findings a conceptual framework is proposed which is designed to guide empirical analysis and to identify research objectives. Part II focuses on the degree of European identity as well as the relation between national and European identity. It starts with an empirical survey of European identity and support for the EU. An analysis of the causes of support of the European Union and the emergence of a European identity is the main subject of Part III. The permissive consensus supporting European integration seems to be withering away in a widening and culturally more diverse Union that has acquired more and more decision-making powers. European integration has become politicized to the extent that it can no longer be regarded as an...
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