Australia and the USA Compared
Monash Studies in Global Movements series
Edited by John Higley, John Nieuwenhuysen and Stine Neerup
Much has happened in the immigration policies and programmes of Australia and the US since 1992, when Nations of Immigrants: Australia, the United States and International Immigration, edited by Gary P. Freeman and James Jupp, was published by Oxford University Press. That volume, a joint venture between the former Australian Bureau of Immigration, Multicultural and Population Research in Melbourne and the Edward A. Clark Center for Australian and New Zealand Studies at the University of Texas at Austin, deserves a companion that takes stock of changes that have occurred since 1992. The Clark Center and Monash University’s Institute for the Study of Global Movements have joined forces to provide this. The present volume commences with an introduction by the editors, who canvas immigration trends in the two countries and issues they pose: sustaining social cohesion; relying on skill-based immigration; resorting to guest worker programmes; allowing international students to enter domestic labour markets; cherry picking able and educated workers from developing countries; dispersing immigrants to sub-national regions and localities; coping with urban sprawl and pressures on the environment; dealing with asylum seekers and undocumented migrants; and reconciling large-scale immigration with spiralling energy costs. Following this introduction, pairs of parallel chapters by leading Australian and American scholars consider for Australia and the US five broad topics: compositions and contours of recent immigration flows; policy convergences and divergences between the two countries; immigration’s effects on their labour markets; policies aimed at integrating new groups of immigrants; and changing shapes of ethnic relations and...