Rural–Urban Migration in China and Indonesia
Edited by Xin Meng, Chris Manning, Li Shi and Tadjuddin Nur Effendi
Chapter 7: Rural–Urban Migration in China: Survey Design and Implementation
7 Rural-Urban Migration in China: Survey Design and Implementation Sherry Tao Kong 1 BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW OF THE SURVEY DESIGN The Rural-Urban Migration in China and Indonesia (RUMiCI) project was established in 2006 to study the patterns and effects of migration in China and Indonesia. The goal is to increase understanding of the urbanization process in both countries, and inform policy makers so that they can manage this process more effectively. Given that many existing studies on migration in China are plagued by data limitations, a substantial contribution of the RUMiCI project is to provide a rich, up-to-date dataset for migration studies in both countries. The China component of the study, Rural-Urban Migration in China (RUMiC), is based on a sample of 5,000 urban households, 8,000 rural households and 5,000 migrant households. We intend to track these households over five years. Three independent surveys are being conducted to collect the data necessary for the research: the Rural Household Survey, the Urban Household Survey and the Urban Migrant Survey. The former two surveys are being conducted by China's National Bureau of Statistics using a random sample from the standard annual household income and expenditure surveys the bureau carries out in cities and rural areas. The Urban Migrant Survey is being conducted by the RUMiC project team in collaboration with Datasea Marketing Research, a Shanghai-based professional survey company. Background of Migration Surveys in China While many have articulated the desirability oflongitudinal surveys for migration studies (see, for example, Stark...