Aid and Reconstruction after a Disaster
ADBI series on Asian Economic Integration and Cooperation
This book grew out of the idea that national researchers in Asia should be provided with an opportunity to critically examine the emergency relief humanitarian response and reconstruction efforts in their respective countries to the great Asian tsunami of 2004. A series of natural disasters have struck several countries in Asia since then – most recently an earthquake in Padang in West Sumatra in Indonesia (October 2009) as this preface is being written – highlighting the importance of developing effective strategies to cope with such disasters. Following the tsunami, a huge, complex and region-wide aid program quickly got underway. The effort involved thousands of agencies from Asian national governments, foreign governments, multilateral donor agencies and non-governmental organizations. Before long, a vast number of reports, surveys, and evaluations were prepared. But inevitably, much of this material was prepared by international aid workers with limited local experience in the field in Asia. It seemed appropriate to invite local research workers to write about the response to the disaster from a national perspective so that international views could be supplemented by views from the region. The resulting book draws on several aspects of the contemporary literature in the international development debate. This book is a product of joint efforts. The individual country studies were authored primarily by national researchers. The Indonesia chapter was co-authored by Suahasil Nazara and Budy P. Resosudarmo, the Sri Lanka study by Dushni Weerakoon, Sisira Jayasuriya, Nisha Arunatilake and Paul Steele, and the Thailand chapter by Bhanupong Nidhiprabha. The issues in...