Chapter 4: The Esquire of Edgeworthstown
The noise Of worldly fame is but a blast of wind, That blows from diverse points, and shifts its name, Shifting the point it blows from. Shalt thou more Live in the mouths of mankind, if thy flesh Part shrivel’d from thee, than if thou hadst died Before the coral and the pap were left; Or e’er some thousand years have past? and that Is, to eternity compared, a space Briefer than is the twinkling of an eye To the heaven’s slowest orb. (Purgatory, Canto XI, vv. 100–108). Dante Alighieri, The Divine Comedy. 4.1 MARSHALL’S RETIREMENT AND OTHER ACADEMIC STORIES The British Academy In 1902 the British Academy for the Promotion of Historical, Philosophical and Philological Studies was established by Royal Charter. Its mission was to serve as the natural academy for the humanities and the social sciences, as the counterpart to the Royal Society, which serves the natural sciences. After a gathering of the most prominent academies of the world in Wiesbaden in October 1899, the representatives of the Royal Society realised that there was no society in Great Britain dealing with subjects encompassed in the ‘Literary’ section. So under the pressure of distinguished individuals such as the former prime minister A.J. Balfour, Viscount James Bryce, Professor Sidgwick and Sir Leslie Stephen, who met on 15 December 1899, a special committee was set up by the Council of the Royal Society. The efforts of this Committee resulted in the proposal for a Royal Charter to found the British...
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