Deforestation and Climate Change

Deforestation and Climate Change

Reducing Carbon Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development

Edited by Valentina Bosetti and Ruben Lubowski

Deforestation and forest degradation have long been recognized as environmental problems, with concerns over conservation of natural habitats and biological diversity capturing both scientific and public attention. More recently, the debate over tropical forest conservation has radically shifted to the approximately fifteen percent of global greenhouse gas emissions that are caused by deforestation and forest degradation, and to the potential synergies from integrating forest management with climate change policies.

Chapter 7: Towards a Sound REDD: Ensuring Globally Consistent Reference

Michael Obersteiner, Ewald Rametsteiner, Florian Kraxner, Hannes Boettcher, Ian McCallum and Belinda Reyers

Subjects: economics and finance, environmental economics, environment, climate change, environmental economics


Scenarios and Safeguarding Sustainability Co-Benefits Michael Obersteiner, Ewald Rametsteiner, Florian Kraxner, Ian McCallum, Kentaro Aoki, Hannes Boettcher, Steffen Fritz, Mykola Gusti, Petr Havlik, Georg Kindermann and Belinda Reyers 7.1 BACKGROUND The Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-Term Cooperative Action, under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Convention, has collected proposals on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD). In general, tropical countries and Annex I countries tend to agree that REDD credits need to be measurable, reportable and verifiable (MRV). Key to the supply of MRV REDD credits is robust and consistent greenhouse gas (GHG) observation and monitoring systems combined with sound accounting methodologies and an appropriate reference (or baseline) emission scenario of deforestation and degradation (DD), against which reduction efforts can be measured and compensation can be claimed. Reference levels define the business as usual scenario over a predefined scale and can therefore be used to determine the additionality of a given activity. However, the science of forestry carbon accounting and, moreover, the assessment of business as usual practices within forests is still imprecise and as such, both historic and projected baselines have a large element of uncertainty (Parker et al., 2008). With respect to GHG accounting much progress has been achieved so far. At a UNFCCC Workshop on Methodological Issues Relating to Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing 121 Deforestation and Climate Change 27/05/2010 11.45 Chap. 07 p. 122 122 Deforestation and Climate Change Countries (REDD), which was on 25–27 June...

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