My major objective has been to explain differences in the growth performance and income levels of nations. I developed a comparative and historical perspective, using a quantitative macroeconomic approach in the tradition of Colin Clark and Simon Kuznets. The influence of my work (15 books and 120 articles) is attested by frequency of citation and translation, and its impact on other scholars trying to measure and understand processes of economic growth, convergence and divergence. I have played a major part in building up a quantitative historical record of economic growth performance and the causal influences which are measureable. I have developed a network of former students and other researchers in different parts of the world who have constructed or improved macroeconomic accounts for many countries. I have tried to promote consistency and comparability in statistical treatment, with transparent description of sources and methodology. My work covers three fields: (1) interpretation of the economic performance of advanced capitalist countries; (2) explanation of economic backwardness, retardation and catch-up in the rest of the world and (3) analysis of the pace and pattern of world economic development, and interaction between major parts of the world economy.
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