Market and Trade Policy for Staple Foods in Eastern and Southern Africa
Edited by Alexander Sarris and Jamie Morrison
Chapter 12: Maize Trade and Marketing Policy Interventions in Tanzania
Andrew E. Temu, Appolinary Manyama and Anna A. Temu 1 INTRODUCTION This chapter analyses the strengths and weaknesses of current agricultural and other related policies affecting the maize marketing chain and suggests alternative policies and strategies for improving marketing and trade in the grain subsector. Following this introduction, Section 2 highlights the importance of maize in Tanzania. Section 3 reviews the maize subsector, covering production and domestic food demand. Section 4 analyses maize pricing methods and consequent price trends. Section 5 describes the key policies governing the food subsector and presents the objectives and key policy pronouncements to lay the ground upon which an assessment of the policies will be made. Section 6 reviews and assesses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats and performance of policies affecting the food subsector and maize in particular. Section 7 presents conclusions and proposes a number of alternative interventions and strategies to enhance maize value chain development. 2 IMPORTANCE OF MAIZE IN TANZANIA The annual per capita consumption of maize in Tanzania is estimated to be 112.5 kilograms, with national maize consumption at roughly three million tonnes per year, contributing 60 per cent of dietary calories to the average Tanzanian consumer (FSD, 1992). Maize is grown in all 21 regions of Tanzania, on an average of two million hectares (about 45 per cent of the cultivated land in Tanzania). However, most of the maize is produced in the Southern Highlands (46 per cent), the Lake zone, and the Northern zone. Dar-es-Salaam, Lindi, Singida, Coast and...
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