Studies in EU Reform and Enlargement series
Edited by Udo Diedrichs, Wulf Reiners and Wolfgang Wessels
Chapter 7: Modes of Governance in the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy
Udo Diedrichs THE EMERGENCE AND EVOLUTION OF THE LEGAL BASE FOR EU FOREIGN POLICY GOVERNANCE EPC as the Run-up to the CFSP: Shaping Modes of Governance Studies on European Political Cooperation (EPC) and on the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) have been characterized by a growing interest in theoretical questions over recent years (Bretherton and Vogler, 1999; Smith, 2001; Tonra, 2001; Schmalz, 2004; Wagner and Hellmann, 2003). When academic analysis of EPC started in the 1970s and 1980s, the level of interest in theoretical and conceptual issues was fairly low (Allen and Wallace, 1978; de Schoutheete, 1980, 1986; Nuttall, 1992), but ever since, and particularly since the 1990s, the literature on European foreign policy has become a booming industry (White, 2001; Zielonka, 1998, Nuttall, 1992, 1997; Hill and Smith, 2000; Regelsberger et al., 1997). A growing number of scholarly contributions are describing, analysing and assessing the EU’s foreign policy system, its interplay with the external environment and the conceptual framing of the Union’s international role, focusing to a great extent – albeit not exclusively – on the CFSP. In this growing corpus of literature, it is still rather difficult to find a consensus about how a European foreign policy can be defined and what the shaping factors are. The rationalist–constructivist debate has added new impetus to the theoretical analysis of European foreign policy. A growing number of scholars have rejected the traditional juxtaposition of intergovernmentalism and supranationalism, and introduced a conceptualization of the CFSP as a European form of governance...
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