Studies in EU Reform and Enlargement series
Edited by Udo Diedrichs, Wulf Reiners and Wolfgang Wessels
Chapter 9: New Modes of Governance: Perspectives from the Legal and the Living Architecture of the European Union
Udo Diedrichs A FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYSIS Modes of Governance in the EU: Dynamics and Change The analysis and discussion of modes of governance in the European Union (EU) is one of the most exciting and fascinating issues of relevance for the academic as well as the political world (Tömmel, 2007; Kohler-Koch and Rittberger, 2006; Schuppert, 2005; Jachtenfuchs, 2001). Although there are some variations of detail in the consensus on how to define modes of governance, it still appears useful to start from the ‘classical’ triple set of hierarchy, negotiation and competition as ideal-type basic models which help us to structure our research (Börzel et al., 2008: 63). With regard to the EU, these basic models have to be refined and differentiated in order to account for the specific features of the integration process and its systemic configurations. While Tanja Börzel regards hierarchy, negotiation systems and competition as useful models for categorizing EU governance modes more specifically (Börzel, 2007: 69), Bähr et al. (2007) prefer the triad of market, network and hierarchy as fundamental categorizations, with different implications for EU governance. Ingeborg Tömmel (2007) deviates from this triple set and introduces the model of cooperation into the definition of EU governance modes, referring to the voluntary adaptation by actors towards common goals and norms, which are specifically, though not exclusively, relevant to the debate on new modes of governance (Tömmel, 2007: 28). These categories may serve as a useful starting point, but they need...
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