Chapter 36: Management of the Arts
François Colbert Management is a relatively new discipline, and the management of arts and culture an even more recent off-shoot. The non-profit status of many arts and cultural organizations not only means that they must be managed in a particular way; it also imposes a specific set of professional requirements on the manager and the board of directors. In this chapter, we shall examine these two aspects of cultural management. But let us begin with some background information. The discipline of management Management is a new discipline compared with age-old sciences such as physics, geometry and philosophy. The phenomena associated with organizational management were not examined in any systematic way until the very end of the nineteenth century, and the first treatises on this topic were not published until the early twentieth century, with Taylor contributing one of the seminal texts in 1911. The establishment of the general discipline of management eventually led to the emergence of other disciplines such as financial management, operational management and human resources management, which in turn gave rise to various subdisciplines. As they have developed, these various management disciplines have borrowed theories, concepts and knowledge from other fields, including economics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, mathematics and, more recently, information technology. In the early 1960s, interest in the study of management increased significantly among both researchers and students. The number of academics in the field grew, as did the number of scientific publications. The body of management knowledge expanded considerably and was applied in an...
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