Research Handbooks on Globalisation and the Law series
Edited by John Linarelli
Chapter 1: Theories of global justice
What is global justice? Like many concepts in political philosophy, what global justice consists in is contested and the subject of much debate. However we can identify at least one common element to theorists’ use of the term, namely, an appreciation that the topic of justice is not exhausted by considering what justice within a state consists in, but rather that global justice includes a concern for matters of justice that extend beyond the borders of one’s state (which was the focus for most philosophical theorizing about justice up until a decade ago). Typical questions that have been the subject of much debate include these: What does global distributive justice consist of? What do people in one country owe to those in other countries? In particular, what are people living in affluent countries to do for those in vulnerable positions in developing countries, such as those who live off less than $1 (US) per day? What responsibilities, if any, arise from basic human rights? If we ought to protect basic human rights, when is military intervention permissible in the name of such protection? How, if at all, does membership in states or communities of affiliation matter to our obligations to assist? Is partiality towards compatriots justified in a world filled with the more pressing needs of non-compatriots? If there are obligations of global justice, how will these be implemented or enforced? Should our accounts of global justice be feasible? Is global democracy feasible or desirable?
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.