Chapter 4: Planning, Technology and Behavior
Global climate change and other environmental issues have brought about new approaches to planning for and managing changes in transport in the form of technology for modes of transport and behavioral changes in how transport occurs. Each new environmental initiative brings with it a different set of planning and implementation programs. Climate change planning intersects with, builds on, and reinforces other major planning initiatives such as sustainability, smart growth and resilience that have forged extensive plans, partnerships, and consortiums, many of which potentially alter transport. The connections among these programs are often informal. Transport networks will potentially be shaped by mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adaptation to the many effects anticipated from the impact of climate change. Institutional mechanisms potentially play a key role in shaping the changes in these networks which will occur at many levels; at the level of the location and design of facilities, at larger scale land use changes, and as behavioral changes in the form of how people travel. Existing planning and policy frameworks by many governments are presented and how the transportation focus has been incorporated, emphasizing climate-related plans. Selected new technologies and the infrastructure to support new modes of travel build upon those presented in the previous chapter. Finally, street systems are presented as a common denominator to integrate transportation and other urban functions, including those related to the environment and security. PLANNING FOR AND MANAGING IMPACTS ON TRANSPORT Climate Change Planning: Governmental Initiatives International policies International policy has underscored the...
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