Transport, the Environment and Security

Transport, the Environment and Security

Making the Connection

Rae Zimmerman

From a primarily urban perspective, the author illustrates that the fields of transportation, environment (with an emphasis on climate change) and security (for both natural hazards and terrorism) and their interconnections remain robust areas for policy and planning. Synthesizing existing data, new analyses, and a rich set of case studies, the book uses transportation networks as a framework to explore transportation in conjunction with environment, security, and interdependencies with other infrastructure sectors. The US rail transit system, ecological corridors, cyber security, planning mechanisms and the effectiveness of technologies are among the topics explored in detail. Case studies of severe and potential impacts of natural hazards, accidents, and security breaches on transportation are presented. These cases support the analyses of the forces on transportation, land use and patterns of population change that connect, disconnect and reconnect people from their environment and security.

Chapter 7: Security

Rae Zimmerman

Subjects: business and management, management and sustainability, economics and finance, environmental economics, transport, environment, climate change, environmental economics, environmental management, transport, politics and public policy, public policy, terrorism and security, urban and regional studies, transport


PUBLIC CONCERN ABOUT TERRORISM AND TERRORISM INCIDENTS The magnitude of concern over the threat of terrorism has persisted in the US at least since the September 11, 2001 attacks and subsequent terrorist attacks and threats throughout the US and the world. The findings of the Pew Research Center January 2011 political survey (Pew Research Center 2011, p.1) show that: ● ● ● ● ● ● Seventy-three percent of the surveyed public felt that terrorism (“Defending the US against terrorism”) was among the top policy priorities to be addressed by the government. Terrorism ranked as the third concern following the economy and jobs. Terrorism consistently ranked at least third over the ten-year period, and ranked first in 2006 and 2007 following the Madrid and London bombings (Pew Research Center 2011, p.6). The 2010 level of 80 percent for concern about terrorism was only exceeded by the levels in 2002 and 2003 of 83 percent and 81 percent respectively (Pew Research Center 2010, p.2) which were the years immediately following the September 11, 2001 attacks. The 2011 level of 73 percent, though still the third ranking priority, represents a drop of 7 percent over the 2010 level, and is the lowest percentage over the 2001–2011 time period (Pew Research Center 2011, p.6), probably reflecting the greater concern over the economy, jobs and the deficit. There is a considerable bipartisan split in the issue with republicans rating terrorism concerns higher than the democrats (Pew Research Center 2011, p.10). The results of different polls, however, are not consistent with...

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