Russia’s Energy Policies

Russia’s Energy Policies

National, Interregional and Global Levels

Edited by Pami Aalto

Russia's vast energy reserves, and its policies towards them have enormous importance in the current geopolitical landscape. This important book examines Russia’s energy policies on the national, interregional and global level. It pays particular attention to energy policy actors ranging from state, federal and regional actors, to energy companies and international financial actors and organizations. The book models the formation of Russia’s energy policies in terms of how energy policy actors perceive and map their policy environment.

Chapter 1: Introduction

Pami Aalto

Subjects: environment, energy policy and regulation, politics and public policy, public policy


Pami Aalto RUSSIAN ENERGY OLD AND NEW Russian energy policy is a key issue in global energy policy, and energy policy is crucial for Russia. To adequately account for these wide-ranging interrelationships, this book examines Russia’s energy policies on several levels. These range from the national level, where both Russia’s national energy policies and its federal and regional politics related to energy come into play; the interregional levels, where Russia’s energy sales and relations with several European regional energy markets, Eastern European transit states, the Caucasus, Central Asia and Asia are addressed; and the global level, where Russian energy supplies and their political, economic, environmental and other implications are critical. The co-presence of several levels on which Russian energy policies are formulated, coupled with the reciprocal linkages between them, implies that the subject of Russian energy is as complex as it is crucial. This complexity has made Russian gas and oil in particular, together with the proceeds from the export of these goods and the associated politics, a frequent and divisive topic in scholarly analysis and policy commentary. Terms portraying Russia as an ‘energy superpower’, ‘energy giant’, ‘petro-state’, or more critical references to its allegedly ‘coercive energy policy’, ‘energy imperialism’ or ‘energy blackmail’ are part of this debate. At the other end of the debate we find references to a ‘natural resources-dependent third world-style economy’ and to a possible ‘Dutch disease’ or ‘resource curse’ in Russia, coupled with observations of personalized, non-transparent and even partly corrupt management of the state’s...