Russia’s Energy Policies

Russia’s Energy Policies

National, Interregional and Global Levels

Edited by Pami Aalto

Russia's vast energy reserves, and its policies towards them have enormous importance in the current geopolitical landscape. This important book examines Russia’s energy policies on the national, interregional and global level. It pays particular attention to energy policy actors ranging from state, federal and regional actors, to energy companies and international financial actors and organizations. The book models the formation of Russia’s energy policies in terms of how energy policy actors perceive and map their policy environment.

Chapter 8: Russia’s Energy Policy in the Far East and East Siberia

Shinichiro Tabata and Xu Liu

Subjects: environment, energy policy and regulation, politics and public policy, public policy


Shinichiro Tabata and Xu Liu1 INTRODUCTION Russian oil and gas development policies have attached great importance to oil and natural gas development in the Russian Far East and East Siberia.2 The Russian initiatives seem to have three objectives: along the resource geographic dimension of energy policy formation, exploitation of oil and gas fields replacing those in West Siberia; along the financial dimension, diversification of Russia’s oil and gas exports or increase in exports to the East Asian market (for a definition of the dimensions, see Chapter 2); and the wider objective of economic growth in the Far East and East Siberia. These initiatives represent an eastward shift in Russian oil and gas development. This chapter examines the formation of concrete policies adopted to achieve these aims, the results of these policies so far, and problems expected in the future implementation of these policies. RUSSIA’S AIMS FOR THE EASTWARD SHIFT Exploitation of Oil and Gas Fields Replacing West Siberian Fields One of the most serious challenges for Russian oil and gas production is to develop new oil and gas fields, because production in the West Siberian fields, the centre of Russian oil and gas exploitation, has been projected to stagnate in the near future. A possible alternative is the oil and gas fields in the East Siberian and Far Eastern regions. In Russia, the centre of oil production since the mid-1970s has been West Siberia (Tyumen’ oblast). Since the mid-1980s the share of Tyumen’ in Russia’s oil output has been 65...

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