Chapter 11: Conclusion: Learning About Russian Energy Policies
Pami Aalto INTRODUCTION In the introduction to this book we suggested that the processes by which Russian energy policies are formulated are characterized by complexity on multiple levels, ranging from national, regional and federal, to interregional and global, owing to the length of energy chains from Russia towards nearby and more distant markets. We also presented a new structurationist analytical model designed to tackle the complexity and multiple levels which Russian energy policy actors have to tackle when navigating through their policy environment. In this book we have mainly looked at these processes from the Russian perspective(s). Yet the model we have used is also applicable to the examination of Russia’s partners and competitors using the same concepts and then comparing the results. We started our examination by speaking of Russian energy policies in the plural, and by now that choice has become vindicated. Although lengthy energy strategy documents have been formulated in Russia in the 2000s, representing the concrete policy outcomes of the structuration processes or interaction between actors and structures that our model elucidates, in reality there are several concurrent energy policies in contemporary Russia. This situation is likely to continue in the 2010s. In addition to the complex and multilevel nature of energy policy, this book directs attention to the diversity of actors in energy policy.1 To better understand these our model highlights the cognitive frames through which they attempt to make sense of their policy environment – including what we have termed its resource geographic, financial,...
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