Development, Implementation, Measurement and Management
When I first came to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris as a delegate to the Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI) I was struck by the breadth of the agenda and the mix of policy analysts and statistical experts at the table able to interact effectively and to speak a common technical language then rooted in the Frascati Manual. When the discussions began on how to measure the activity of innovation, at a time when the subject of innovation studies was emerging I would have welcomed a guide to the measurement issues, the policy issues and how they all fitted together. That was the first glimmer of what became this book. As the years passed, I heard the need for a practitioners’ guide to the subject echoed by new members not just of NESTI but of other committees in the domain of science, technology and innovation. The policy committees have working parties attached to them that deal with more focused matters of policy or statistical measurement. In that sense NESTI is subordinate to the Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP). Viewed differently, NESTI is the current incarnation of an expert committee that met before there was an OECD in 1957 and which gave rise to the first edition of the Frascati Manual, drafted by Christopher Freeman, which governed the collection and interpretation of research and development (R&D) data, as the sixth edition does in 2009. In 2008 I...